Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

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There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
Editor: Levi Butner
Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
Questions at CERN
Creating Antihidrogen:


  1. E. Vasquez

    E. VasquezSoat oldin

    eventually we will learn to make extraterrestrial tools .... this will be the key for manned UFO'S... and maybe time travel.

  2. King Hero

    King Hero2 soat oldin

    the reason you don't find antimatter on earth is for two reasons 1 it annihilate with matter, and 2 it is gravitationally repelled by matter

  3. Ken Nguyen

    Ken Nguyen3 soat oldin

    I can't get over that plant wobbling around every time she leans on that uneven table

  4. islam saied

    islam saied16 soat oldin

    I have a massive crush over physics girl :"""""S

  5. Siyao Lee

    Siyao Lee16 soat oldin

    www.reddit.com/r/blackmagicfuckery/comments/e5s3zs/can_someone_explain_how_this_happenes/ So the first person comes to my mind is you.

  6. Von Paraz

    Von Paraz18 soat oldin

    I'm envious...

  7. Thebuilderofthings1

    Thebuilderofthings123 soat oldin

    Nothing really antimatter's to me....

  8. S P

    S P23 soat oldin

    Maybe there wasn’t meant to be more of it, curiosity is good and all and learning new stuff to advance us is great, but when something “can’t even touch the air” maybe it’s a big warning sign from nature telling us not to go there lol Awesome videos tho

  9. Cheese .EXE.

    Cheese .EXE.Kun oldin

    Rappers are gonna be flexing with antimatter watches in 100 years.

  10. Anshil Agarwal

    Anshil AgarwalKun oldin

    scitechdaily.com/student-solves-physics-mystery-that-has-puzzled-scientists-for-100-years/amp/ Plz explain this in next video

  11. Shoeless b

    Shoeless bKun oldin

    Ive been making my own out of Chinese antisheetrock.

  12. ToyJunkie1981

    ToyJunkie1981Kun oldin

    There must be some anti-matter at Fort Knox.

  13. Clifford Williams

    Clifford WilliamsKun oldin


  14. Ahmed M. Ragb

    Ahmed M. RagbKun oldin

    Watching this while playing the Antimatter dimensions game make me feel so smart omg

  15. Vasiliy Ulin

    Vasiliy Ulin2 kun oldin

    I had never seen a 'cute' side to the physics girl before. *checks* yap...still on the physics girl channel... I must've got transported to the anti-universe or something...

  16. Mia Aailiya Cardenas

    Mia Aailiya Cardenas2 kun oldin

    Oh wow, the cool part is that I already know about this................................ Thanks to the "Angels and Demons" by Dan Brown, I predicted a physics girl episode!!!!!! I legit feel so smart rn.

  17. Drachenfels

    Drachenfels2 kun oldin

    Honestly. all the fish to the destroy the moon? What about a grain of sand to blew up your house and all other houses in 1 mile vicinity?

  18. Jayasurya M

    Jayasurya M2 kun oldin

    Positive *Negative* Years *Days*

  19. Fanjan Combrink

    Fanjan Combrink2 kun oldin

    HAHAHAHHAHA..."or POOF!" Sounds like a friendly mafia boss, being very serious, but sounds friendly.

  20. dimirsen

    dimirsen3 kun oldin

    Can there be black holes consisting of antimatter? Do they differ?

  21. bill button

    bill button3 kun oldin

    if it combusts when it reacts to our matter, that kind of answers the question why it so rare.

  22. bill button

    bill buttonKun oldin

    why? it may seem to combust in our dimension but is actually sent to another dimension where our matter is rare.

  23. Vool 268

    Vool 268Kun oldin

    There should have been equal amounts of it created when the universe was made though

  24. Razar Campbell

    Razar Campbell3 kun oldin

    Holy muppet bums!!! After seeing (10:29) Raquel Nuno for 1/3rd of a second, I've discovered that I'm completely in love with her. Can you please ask her to come to Australia so I can meet her?

  25. Ranveer Singh

    Ranveer Singh3 kun oldin

    *I LOVE YOU*

  26. JivaldiBeatz

    JivaldiBeatz3 kun oldin

    no silly.it wasn’t under maintenance... they just didn’t want anyone to see the inter-dimensional portals being opened .

  27. Donald Mannikko

    Donald Mannikko3 kun oldin

    So cool that you got to go into the a.d. facility. Super jealous.


    DARRYL SMITH3 kun oldin

    i Have Some....

  29. Gaming with Rahul

    Gaming with Rahul3 kun oldin


  30. SPM Dope Lab Studio

    SPM Dope Lab Studio3 kun oldin

    It doesn't matter anyway.

  31. Alexa Lollo

    Alexa Lollo4 kun oldin

    Ok, either the anti-neutron is the most boring or the most interesting thing in this universe.

  32. Alexa Lollo

    Alexa Lollo4 kun oldin

    What if antimatter is actually the normal type and we are made of the weird matter.

  33. David Mcguire

    David McguireKun oldin

    Nope you're just high.

  34. Harshit Tyagi

    Harshit Tyagi4 kun oldin

    What will happen to level of water when an ice cube floating on it melts.... 👇 . Ans👇: . . . . . . The level of water remains same.. .. .

  35. Derek Metoyer

    Derek Metoyer4 kun oldin

    😂 Help keeps Physics Geniuses off them streets...Donate now!

  36. Steve Lawson

    Steve Lawson4 kun oldin

    For every action, there's an equal and opposite reaction. Big Bang = pure energy becoming matter. Both matter, and antimatter formed at once. Fourth dimensional "sides" had most _matter_ expand into our concept of _positive time,_ while most _antimatter_ expanded into _"negative time",_ thus preserving a _fourth dimensional balance._ Any residual antimatter, in our positive time universe, was soon annihilated, when contacting matter, leaving _only matter._ Same in the _negative time universe._ But, I'm more SciFi [sorry Mr. Ellison] enthusiast, than theorist. 😜

  37. Deon Malik

    Deon Malik4 kun oldin

    Because you guys like to read the comments may someone lead me to more answers about who and what we really are. Read the book FORBIDDEN RELIGION. It speaks on anti-matter existing inside us but theres a war on our consciousness so we are never made aware of this. That's why this stuff is so rare and costs so much. Every human beings potential is from this divine energy that literally is like Becoming a super Saiyan Destroyer God if you can tap into. In my Maui voice "Your welcome" Now leave comments below please

  38. Chris Jones

    Chris Jones4 kun oldin

    soooooo.....no one actually has some..........right??????

  39. YoutubeBarnee

    YoutubeBarnee4 kun oldin

    You just gave them terrorists some tips. Good luck 😂

  40. Ethan Young

    Ethan Young5 kun oldin

    Video idea: how far/fast do we move through the universe (earth orbiting the sun, sun orbiting the black hole in the centre, ect ect)

  41. beginnerplayer666

    beginnerplayer6665 kun oldin

    get Elon Musk involved and you'll probably be able to transport antimatter in a suitcase lol

  42. Bubs

    Bubs5 kun oldin

    we should be careful, anti-matter could possibly attract black holes.... ever wonder how a black hole exists in empty space?

  43. Omansh Sharma

    Omansh Sharma5 kun oldin

    Pls do make a video on why convex lens converge while concave lens diverge